News and Publications about The Rarest Butterflies

The Last Butterflies, including other publications, podcasts, and news

Haddad, N.M. The Last Butterflies: A Scientist’s Quest to Save a Rare and Vanishing Creature. 2019. Princeton University Press. available now

Haddad, N., 2019. Limited range, low numbers, and effective population size bring Schaus’ swallowtail as close as imaginable to extinction. Natural History 127:12-17.

Haddad, N. 2019. The Mysterious Fate of the World’s Largest Butterfly. UNDARK August, 2019.

Haddad, N. 2019. The Last Butterflies? Scientific American blog

Haddad, N. 2019. The Page 99 Test


Radiolab. Of Bombs and Butterflies. October, 2021

The Great Simplification. Insects – A Silent Extinction. September, 2023

US Army Podcast (18th Airborne Corp). Bullet with Butterfly Wings. November, 2021
Iowa Public Radio. March, 2020. Podcast
New Books Network, Rachel Pagones, Podcast
Talk Nerdy to Me. November, 2019. Podcast
A Beautiful World. October, 2019. Podcast
Michigan Radio. October, 2019. Podcast
People Behind the Science. August, 2019. Podcast
Western Michigan Public Radio. July, 2019. Podcast
WICN New England Public Radio. August, 2019. Podcast

Reviews of The Last Butterflies

Barbara Kiser, Nature
Jonathan Hahn, Sierra Magazine
Matthew Shepard, Wings (The Xerces Society)
Manu Sanders, Trends in Ecology and Evolution
Simon Leather, Oryx
Conservation Biology
Jules Pretty, Times Higher Education
Peter Parker, The Spectator
Animal Welfare Institute
Harry Siviter, The Biologist
Richard Jones, BBC Wildlife Magazine
John Badmin, British Journal of Entomology and Natural History
BBC Wildlife Magazine, 20+ popular writing on insects
Gretchen LeBuhn, American Entomologist
Cas Carroll, The Quarterly Review of Biology


Michigan Nature, Life on the Brink: Poweshiek Skipperling, March, 2023. Video
Fox News, Morning Buzz, December 2022. Story
ABC News, New John Ball Zoo facility to help save endangered butterfly, May 2022. Story
Bridge, A rare butterfly makes last stand in Michigan, Zahra Ahmad, April 2022. Story
Coastwatch, NC Sea Grant, The Butterfly Effect, Julia Leibach, Summer, 2021. Article
Martha Stewart Magazine, Seven of the Best Places to see Butterflies in the United States, Kier Holmes, July, 2020. Article
Bridge, What’s Happening to Michigan’s Insects? A Farmer’s Tale, Brian Allnutt, July 2020. Article
Associated Press, Bugged: Earth’s Insect Population Shrinks 27% in 30 years, Seth Borenstein. April, 2020. Article
Associated Press, Butterflies on a Bomb Range: the Endangered Species Act at Work, Seth Borenstein. November, 2019. Article
Rob Dunn, Smithsonian Magazine, “Who can identify the world’s rarest butterfly?” October, 2011 Article
Barbara Barrett, Raleigh News and Observer, “Drab butterfly is scientist’s gem”. October 2003 Article



Schultz, C. B., N. M. Haddad, E. H. Henry, and E. E. Crone. 2019. Movement and Demography of At-Risk Butterflies: Building Blocks for Conservation. Annual Review of Entomology 64:167-184 doi: 10.1146/annurev-ento-011118-112204

Wepprich T, Adrion JR, Ries L, Wiedmann J, Haddad NM (2019) Butterfly abundance declines over 20 years of systematic monitoring in Ohio, USA. PLoS ONE 14(7): e0216270. [open access]

Harvey, J. A., et al. 2020. International scientists formulate a roadmap for insect conservation and recovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 4:174-176. doi: 10.1038/s41559-019-1079-8

Haddad NM. 2018. Resurrection and resilience of the rarest butterflies. PLoS Biology 16:e2003488. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.2003488

St. Francis’ Satyr

Cayton, H.L., Haddad, N.M., Henry, E.H., Himes Boor, G.K., Kiekebusch, E.M., Morris, W.F. and Aschehoug, E.T. (2023), Restoration success varies based on time since restoration in a disturbance-dependent ephemeral wetland ecosystem. Restoration Ecology 31: e13883 doi: 10.1111/rec.13883

Henry, E., E. Brammer-Robbins, E. Aschehoug, E. and N. Haddad. 2019. Do substitute species help or hinder endangered species management? Biological Conservation 232:127-130. [journal website]

Cayton, H., and N.M. Haddad. 2018. Water Availability Coincides with Population Declines for an Endangered Butterfly. Diversity 10:94. doi:10.3390/d10030094 [open online]

Sivakoff, F. S., W. F. Morris, E. T. Aschehoug, B. R. Hudgens, and N. M. Haddad. 2016. Habitat restoration alters adult butterfly morphology and potential fecundity through effects on host plant quality. Ecosphere 7(11):e01522.10.1002/ecs2.1522 [PDF reprint]

Aschehoug, E.T., F.S. Sivakoff, H.L. Cayton, W.F. Morris, and N.M. Haddad. 2015. Habitat restoration affects immature stages of a wetland butterfly through indirect effects on predation. Ecology 96:1761-1767. [PDF reprint]

Cayton, H., N.M. Haddad, B. Ball, E. Henry, and E. Aschehoug. 2015. Habitat restoration as a recovery tool for a disturbance-dependent butterfly, the endangered St. Francis’ Satyr.  Pages 147-159 in Daniels, J.C. (editor) Butterfly Conservation in North America.  [PDF reprint]

Haddad, N.M. 2015. Conservation and restoration for the endangered St. Francis’ Satyr. News of the Lepidopterists’ Society 57:33-35. [PDF reprint]

Breckheimer, I, N.M. Haddad, W.F. Morris, A.M. Trainor, W.R. Fields, R.T. Jobe, B.R. Hudgens, A. Moody, and J.R. Walters. 2014.  Defining and evaluating the umbrella species concept for conserving and restoring landscape connectivity. Conservation Biology 28:1584-1593. [PDF reprint]

Wilson, J.W., J.O. Sexton,  R.T. Jobe, and N.M. Haddad.  2013.  The relative contribution of terrain, land cover, and vegetation structure indices to species distribution models.  Biological Conservation 164:170–176. [PDF reprint]

Hudgens, B.R., W.F. Morris, N.M. Haddad. W. Fields, J. Wilson, D.C. Kuefler, and R.T. Jobe.  2012.  How complex do models need to be to predict dispersal of threatened species through matrix habitats?  Ecological Applications 22:1701-1710.  [PDF reprint]

Milko, L.V., N.M. Haddad, and S.L. Lance.  2012.  Dispersal via stream corridors structures populations of the endangered St. Francis’ satyr butterfly (Neonympha mitchellii francisci).  Journal of Insect Conservation 16:263-273.  [PDF reprint]

Kuefler, D., B. Hudgens, N.M. Haddad, W.F. Morris, and N. Thurgate. 2010.  The conflicting role of matrix habitats as conduits and barriers for dispersal.  Ecology 91:944-950. [PDF reprint]

Bartel, R.A., N.M. Haddad, J.P. Wright.  2010.  Ecosystem engineers maintain rare species and increase biodiversity.   Oikos 119:883-890.  [PDF reprint]

Bartel, R.A, and J.O. Sexton. 2009. Monitoring habitat dynamics for rare and endangered species using satellite images and niche-based models. Ecography 32:888-896. [PDF reprint]

Haddad, N.M., B. Hudgens, C. Damiani, K. Gross, D. Kuefler, and K. Pollock.  2008.  Determining optimal monitoring for rare butterfly populations.  Conservation Biology 22:929-940.  [PDF reprint]

Kuefler, D., N.M. Haddad, S. Hall, B. Hudgens, B. Bartel, and E. Hoffman.  2008.  Distribution, population structure, and habitat use of the endangered St. Francis’ satyr butterfly, Neonympha mitchellii francisci.  American Midland Naturalist  159:298-320.  [PDF reprint]

Gross, K., E.J. Kalendra, B.R. Hudgens, and N.M. Haddad.  2007.  Robustness and uncertainty in estimates of butterfly abundance from transect counts.  Population Ecology 49:191-200.  [PDF reprint]

Kuefler, D. and N.M. Haddad.  2006.  Local versus landscape determinants of butterfly movement behaviors. Ecography 29:549-560. [PDF reprint]

Miami Blue

Henry, E. H., Terando, A. J., Morris, W. F., Daniels, J. C., & Haddad, N. M. 2022. Shifting precipitation regimes alter the phenology and population dynamics of low latitude ectotherms. Climate Change Ecology 100051 doi: 10.1016/j.ecochg.2022.100051

Henry, E.H., N.M. Haddad, J. Wilson, P. Hughes, and B. Gardner. 2015. Point-count methods to monitor butterfly populations when traditional methods fail: a case study with Miami blue butterfly. Journal of Insect Conservation 19:519-529. [PDF reprint]

Bartram’s Scrub-Hairstreak

Henry, E. H., M. O. Burford Reiskind, A. D. Land, and N. M. Haddad. 2020. Maintaining historic disturbance regimes increases species’ resilience to catastrophic hurricanes. Global Change Biology 26:798-806.

Henry, E. H., and C. T. Anderson. 2016. Abundance estimates to inform butterfly management: double-observer versus distance sampling. Journal of Insect Conservation 20:505-514. [PDF reprint]

Crystal Skipper

Leidner, A.K. and N.M. Haddad.  2011.  Combining measures of dispersal measures to identify conservation strategies in fragmented landscapes.  Conservation Biology 25:1022-1031.  [PDF reprint]

Leidner, A.K. and N.M. Haddad.  2010.  Natural, not urban, barriers limit dispersal of a coastal endemic butterfly.  Conservation Genetics 11:2311-2320. [PDF reprint]